|Population City (2011)||City (lower-tier) 149,607 (Ranked 31st)|
|Population Density (2011)||1,027.0/km2 (2,660/sq mi)|
|Elevation||106 m (348 ft)|
|Land Area||145.68 km2 (56.25 sq mi)|
|Postal code||L1G 7T0,L1H 8N0|
|Area code(s)||289 / 905|
Oshawa (2011 population 149,607; CMA 356,177) is a city in Ontario, Canada, on the Lake Ontario shoreline. It lies in Southern Ontario approximately 60 kilometres east of downtown Toronto. It is commonly viewed as the eastern anchor of the Greater Toronto Area and of the Golden Horseshoe. It is the largest municipality in the Regional Municipality of Durham. The name Oshawa originates from the Ojibwa term aazhaway, meaning “the crossing place” or just “(a)cross”.
Oshawa’s roots are tied to the automobile industry, specifically the Canadian division of General Motors Company, known as General Motors Canada. Founded in 1876 as the McLaughlin Carriage Company, General Motors of Canada’s headquarters are located in the city. The automotive industry was the inspiration for Oshawa’s previous mottos: “The City that Motovates Canada”, and “The City in Motion”. The lavish home of the carriage company’s founder, Parkwood Estate, is a National Historic Site of Canada, and a backdrop favoured by numerous film crews, featured in many movies including Studio 54, Billy Madison, Chicago, and X-Men.